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TOP 10 Never Known Facts of Diabetes

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Old 11-18-2019, 01:35 PM
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Default TOP 10 Never Known Facts of Diabetes


Diabetes is a life long disease that is characterised by increased levels of sugar in the blood. It is either caused due to lack of insulin (a protein that regulates blood glucose levels) or due to lack of response to insulin produced by the body. Diabetes caused by lack of insulin is called type 1 diabetes. It develops due to fault in the genes that make insulin and is seen in young adults and teenagers. Diabetes caused by failure of response to insulin is called type 2 diabetes. It is more common type of diabetes and is found in adults. It is caused mainly due to lifestyle factors.

Some of the common symptoms of diabetes are hunger, frequent urination and increased thirst. Factors like unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle and obesity are main contributing factors of type 2 diabetes. In fact, type 2 diabetes is one of the most common ‘lifestyle diseases’ which is plaguing people in the developed countries. Diabetes is also known to cause complications like heart diseases and hypertension. In this section, you will find answers to all your queries regarding diabetes.

Lack of proper exercise and sedentary lifestyle is undoubtedly one of the common causes of type 2 diabetes. It is due to lack of response to insulin (a protein that helps in proper regulation of glucose in the body) that in turn increases glucose levels in the body. However, a fault in the genes that produce insulin cause type 1 diabetes, which is seen in teenagers and young adults. As compared to type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is quite common in India.

You can diagnose diabetes depending on the symptoms like excessive hunger and thirst and frequent urination. And it can be confirmed with a simple blood test done on an empty test and after having your meals. It is important to control your sugar levels as it might increase your risk of obesity, hypertension, heart disease or kidney problems. While type 1 diabetes is quite difficult to manage, type 2 diabetes can be easily controlled by making simple changes in your daily routine. Here are all your queries related to diabetes and its types, answered.

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Old 11-18-2019, 01:37 PM
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Are fruits a no-no for people with diabetes?

Being rich in carbohydrates, fruits pose a big question to everyone with diabetes: Is it okay to have them or not? Mumbai-based naturopath and sports nutritionist Dhvani Shah guides us on including fruits in the menu of a person suffering from high blood sugar levels.

Avoid having fruits with your meals as Indian meals are high in carbohydrates and this can affect the blood sugar levels. Instead, have fruits as a snack.

Well, diabetes is a disease that doesn’t need an introduction as it affects at least 1 in a household. As we already know, mindful eating of a well-regulated diet is the cornerstone of successful diabetes treatment. The food choice of a diabetic is quite restricted and it has many no-nos as well. There are many no-nos and restrictions in the menu plan of a diabetic, especially while it comes to carbohydrates. In case of type 2 diabetes, this carbs turn into sugar, directly impacting your blood glucose levels.

Fruits are the type of food that most diabetics are sceptical about because they are rich in carbohydrates. Does this mean diabetics need to cut out fruits from their menu? The answer is no.

In fact, most fruits are rich in fibre (when eaten with their skin intact) which helps to maintain the blood sugar levels. However, they have adequate amounts of sugar in them too. So, most diabetics fear that eating fruits will make their blood sugar levels soar. But the reality is only foods that are high in the glycemic index (usually carbohydrate-rich foods) increase your blood sugar levels after consuming them. On the other hand, consuming foods that are low in GI index helps to control blood sugar levels. Most fruits have low to medium GI and are safe to have. Here are few healthy diet habits that are not-so-healthy for diabetics.

So, we spoke to Dhvani Shah, naturopath and sports nutritionist, Mumbai to get some tips on eating fruit while managing diabetes. Here is all she has to say:

Fruits are low in GI index and almost all fruits have a value less than 50. Foods that are low in GI index breakdown slowly and helps in maintaining a steady postprandial blood sugar levels. This is why having fruits isn’t a bad idea for diabetics. Here is everything you need to know about glycemic index.

However, it is always good to have them with some nuts as they are a great source of fibre which slows down the absorption of sugar. So even if any fruit has a slightly high GI consuming it with nuts will help to keep the blood sugar steady.

Avoid having fruits with your meals as Indian meals are high in carbohydrates and this can affect the blood sugar levels. Instead, have fruits as a snack.

If you are constantly checking your blood sugar level with a glucometer and find out that your levels are high, don’t binge on fruit. Instead, wait for the levels to come down. Have a protein-rich snack (one boiled egg or dairy products), go for walk or take your medicines to bring it down. Don’t have fruits until your blood sugar levels come down. Read to know if diabetics can eat eggs.

Avoid having fruit juices as they can have artificial sweeteners and could be devoid of any fibre.
Avoid having fruits as desserts as it can again increase your blood sugar levels. Instead, keep a gap of at least two hours between your meal and fruit intake.

Avoid having fruits after 5 pm as it makes it little difficult for the fructose to metabolise as the day passes.
Here is a guide on how to choose the right fruits if you are a diabetic
Low GI fruits (GI less than 55)
  • Apples
  • Avocados
  • Bananas
  • Berries
  • Cherries
  • G****fruit
  • G****s
  • Kiwi fruit
  • Nectarines
  • Orange
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Plums
  • Strawberries
Medium-GI fruits (GI of 56 to 69)
  • Honeydew melon
  • Figs
  • Papayas
  • Pineapples
High-GI fruits (GI Index of 70 or greater)
  • Dates
  • Watermelon
Image source: Shutterstock
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Old 11-18-2019, 01:40 PM
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***ual health: How diabetes affects a man’s *** life

It is well known that diabetes affects the nerves. In men, this can cause ***ual health issues as it may manifest as erectile dysfunction.

Tags: Diabetes complications Diabetes management Erectile dysfunction in young men
Sometimes natural remedies do wonders to deal with problems of ED. Shutterstock

Diabetes, as we all know, is a condition where the level of glucose in the blood goes up abnormally. If this glucose level is not controlled, it can lead to major health complications and affect many vital organs of the body. Complications of diabetes include heart diseases, kidney damage, nerve problems and vision issues to name a few. It may also affect men and women in different ways. While women Since it causes nerve damage, it may cause ***ual problems in men. In fact, a popular diabetes drug, Metformin, is known to suppress the production of testosterone and decrease *** drive. One of the common side-effects of this condition in men is the issue of erectile dysfunction. This can lead to relationship problems. In fact, along with hypertension, obesity, high levels of bad cholesterol and smoking, diabetes too is a leading cause of this condition.

Diabetes and erectile dysfunction
The chances of a man suffering from erectile dysfunction due to uncontrolled diabetes are more than that of a man who has his diabetes under control. Men who have control over their condition can still face problems in bed which could range from being mild to moderate ones responsive to therapy or medication. However, for men who have uncontrolled diabetes the damages done to the arteries and nerves in the penile area can be irreversible this can lead to problems in erection and ejaculation. Another problem that men with diabetes can face is lack of libido and a general fatigue that can make it difficult to perform in bed. Uncontrolled diabetes in men can lead to,
  • Problems with erection
  • Low libido due to low testosterone levels
  • Premature or delayed ejaculation
  • Inability to cope up with the partner’s demands due to low stamina
  • Fatigue
What can be done?
***ual complications due to diabetes can be avoided by taking proper medications and treatments. One way to do it is by keeping blood sugar levels, hypertension and cholesterol in control. However other ways of dealing with ***ual tension due to diabetes are
  • By having oral medications like ****** and Levitra
  • Other methods like using pumps and vacuum rings
  • Talking to a *** therapist
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